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Task

Introduction

Tasks are atomic actions asynchronously executed by Aidbox or by an external executor. Tasks can be used as stand-alone operations or as part of an Aidbox Workflow. It allows async operations to be more reliable, to continue work after restarts, and handle errors correctly. A typical example of task usage is asynchronous sending email or transforming a resource.

Aidbox predefined Tasks

Aidbox provides several predefined tasks for routine jobs that can be called via User API or task-related services. They are executed in aidbox runtime, and available from the box.
Predefined tasks
  • Self-contained tasks:
    • Import resource task - a task that allows loading .ndjson files from AWS or GCP cloud into Aidbox

Task Instance

When a new task is created by Task User API or by Services or Workflow, new resource AidboxTask is created which stores task Params, Result, and Status, as well as some additional information regarding task execution. Bellow is an example of AidboxTask with fields explanation:
{
;; resource or service who requested task execution
:requester {:resourceType "User" :id "admin"}
;; number of finished attempts to execute tasks
:retryCount 1
;; UUID which is assigned to a task, whenever task is started
;; Executors should include it ina requests
:execId "44bc2-aac6-49a1-91e7-7f9fa29afe21"
;; Current status of the Task.
;; Possible values are: "created" "waiting" "ready" "requested" "in-progress" "done"
:status "done"
;; Outcome of the task execution, only available when task status is "done"
;; Possible values are: "succeeded" "failed" "canceled"
:outcome "succeeded"
;; Only filled when outcome is "failed"
:outcomeReason {;; Type of "fail"
;; Possible values are:
;; "awf.task/failed-by-executor" - executor called action awf.task/fail, error is validated with definition schema
;; "awf.executor/unknown-error" - unexpected error happened
;; "awf.task/failed-due-to-in-progress-timeout"
:type "awf.task/failed-by-executor"
:message "Failed by executor"
:data {}}
;; Params of the task, as specified by caller, should be valid to the schema of the definition
:params {}
;; Result of the task, should be valid to the schema of the definition, only present for a task with :outcome "succeeded"
:result {}
;; Error of the task, should be valid to the schema of the definition, only present for a task with :outcome "failed"
:error {}
;; Id of the task, generated if not supplied. Should be unique across the system.
:id "ea82769d-e083-461c-8cb0-3427ed466f19"
;; Human or machine-readable description of task instance.
:label "import-resources-aws-my-bucket"
;; Symbol of the task definition in Aidbox Project,
;; works as the unique name of the Task that resonates with its function
:definition "aidbox.bulk/import-resource-task"
;; Time when a task becomes "ready". Could be specified by the caller, or set by the engine on task retry.
:executeAt "2023-04-24T09:30:51.562261Z"
}

Task Statuses and Outcomes

Below is a representation of a Task Instance life cycle.
Task lifecycle
After the creation of tasks, their status will be changed by Task Service to ready, or waiting, depending on the executeAt field.
Tasks in the status ready could be pulled by executors. (Either internal or external)
If the task failed and retry attempts are available, its status will be changed back to waiting again.
Finally, the status of tasks is always changed to done, either by an executor, a user on cancel, or Task Service on timeout, with one of the following outcomes: succeeded , failed or canceled.

Task User API

Task User API allows users to manually control Aidbox tasks by RPC methods.
API methods

Task Implementation

To add a custom task:
  1. 1.
    Add the definition of the task to Aidbox Project, so TaskEngine knows about the new task.
  2. 2.
    Implement task logic using Executor API either directly or through the SDK.

1. Specify Task Definition

The first step for implementing a new custom task is to specify its definition in Aidbox configuration project .
Task Definition contains all the information necessary to define the behavior of a task instance.
Below is an example of the Aidbox Project namespace with a new task definition.
{ns my-tasks
;; For task definitions, "awf.task" namespace should be imported
import #{awf.task}
;; The name of the task, which is referred to with the namespace as "my-tasks/example-task"
example-task
{
;; The following tags must be set for task definitions
:zen/tags #{awf.task/definition zen/schema}
;; Every task definition is supposed to have a hash-map (dictionary-like) data structure
:type zen/map
;; Time limit in milliseconds during which tasks can be in the status "requested"
;; In case of timeout, the status is changed to "ready"
;; The default value: 10000
:requestedToStartTimeout 3000
;; Time limit in milliseconds during which tasks can be in the status "in-progress"
;; The default value: 120000
:inProgressTimeout 5000
;; The maximum number of retries allowed
;; The default value: 2
:allowedRetryCount 1
;; Delay time in milliseconds before each retry
;; The default value: 10000
:retryDelay 2000
;; Max number of concurrently executed tasks
:concurrencyLimit 2
;; Path to parameter used to limit concurrency
;; If not defined, <:concurrencyLimit> applied to all tasks with specific definition
::concurrencyPath [:params :resourceType]
;; Define the schema of input, output, and error for task execution
:keys {
;; Input parameters
:params {
;; Should be defined in the form of hash-map (dictionary)
:type zen/map
;; Set the keys specified below as the mandatory fields if needed
:require #{:arg-required}
;; Specify the names of keys with their types
:keys {:arg-required {:type zen/integer}
:arg-optional {:type zen/integer}}
}
;; The return value in case of errors
:error {
;; Should be defined in the form of hash-map (dictionary)
:type zen/map
;; Set the keys specified below as the mandatory fields if needed
:require #{:my-message}
;; Specify the names of keys with their types
:keys {:my-message {:type zen/string}}}
;; The return value when no errors
:result {
;; Should be defined in the form of hash-map (dictionary)
:type zen/map
;; Set the keys specified below as the mandatory fields if needed
:require #{:my-result}
;; Specify the names of keys with their types
:keys {:my-result {:type zen/number}}}}}}

2. Implement Task

We are now preparing Aidbox Workflow/Task SDK. By using it, you can probably simplify this step if you use one of the following languages: Typescript, Python, or .NET.
Once you have the task definition above, your custom task can be implemented in any programming language by using Task Executor API, according to the following diagram.
Initially, a request to the Task Service API should be made, either by using awf.task/long-poll or awf.task/poll, to fetch a new task created by Task User API.
Next, a awf.task/start request should be sent to update the task status to in-progress. After receiving the response, your implemented task should begin execution.
Finally, upon successful execution, a awf.task/success request should be sent. If the execution is not successful, a awf.task/fail request should be sent instead. Both of these requests will update the task status to done and set the corresponding outcome value.
If the task is expected to run for an extended period, awf.task/notify requests should be periodically sent during execution. The requests inform the Task Service that the worker is still processing the task and extend the inProgressTimeout value accordingly.
All Task Executor API methods are listed below.
API methods
awf.task/poll - Fetches a new task from the queue and changes its status from ready to requested, immediately returns an empty array if there are no tasks in the queue.
awf.task/long-poll - Fetches a new task from the queue and changes its status from ready to requested. Waits for a timeout unless a new task is received. In case of timeout, returns an empty array.
awf.task/start - Changes the status of a task from requested to in-progress and start its execution.
awf.task/notify - Notifies Task Service that a task is still alive.
awf.task/success - Changes the status of a task from in-progress to done with outcome succeeded.
awf.task/fail - Changes the status of a task from in-progress to done with outcome failed.
Last modified 5mo ago